Year End Summary for 2016

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2016
Station Manager: BEKIEFER
Data Manager: COVANZEE

Prepared By:
Paul Thaemert (pathaeme)
218-846-8482 (paul.thaemert@state.mn.us)

Approved By:
Fred Bowen (frbowen)
651-539-2102 (FRED.BOWEN@STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/11/2016.  
Snowmelt conditions:  Snow melt was fast but almost non-existent this year.
Little snow pack and snow accumulation was low for the year.
Periods the stream was out of its banks:  On 7/12/16 at a stage of 9.63ft.
Periods of low or no flow:  On 7/21/16 at a stage of 4.53ft lowest point of the
year.
Significant climatic events:  2016 Climate Summary - West
Central

January		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201601&div=MN04
February		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201602&div=MN04
March		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201603&div=MN04
April		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201604&div=MN04
May		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201605&div=MN04
June		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201606&div=MN04
July		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201607&div=MN04
August		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201608&div=MN04
September	http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201609&div=MN04
October		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201610&div=MN04
November	http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201611&div=MN04
December	http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201612&div=MN04

Gridded
Monthly Precipitation Totals: The synthetic data are made up of regularly-spaced
grid nodes whose values were calculated using data interpolated from Minnesota's
spatially and temporally irregular precipitation data base. Grids were prepared
using the National Weather Service data from 1891 to 1972. For the period 1973 to
the present, the High Spatial Density Precipitation Network (HIDEN) data (which
includes NWS data) are
used.
http://climate.umn.edu/gridded_data/precip/monthly/csg_lookup.htm?site_id=54017001

HydroClim
Minnesota is monthly electronic newsletter summarizing Minnesota's climate
conditions and the resulting impact on water
resources.
http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/hydroclim/index.html

The Hydrologic
Conditions Report is prepared monthly by the DNR Division of Ecological and Water
Resources and provides general information concerning the various water resources
across Minnesota. The report places current values of precipitation, stream
flows, lake levels and ground water levels in historical
context.
http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/current_conditions/hydro_conditions.html


Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site visits to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at
a frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record tracked correctly and was complete for the entire monitoring
season.  
Other stage data collection factors:  Cleaned muck off and around the orifice
line.  Some beaver activity and small debris caught on tree downstream. 
8 flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  
All recorded stage values were within the rating or less than 1 foot above the
rating with no change in channel control.  The highest recorded logger stage was
9.63ft. The highest measured stage is 20.81ft from 3/24/2009. Difference of
11.18ft.
Flow measurements were taken this year with a maximum frequency of 4-5 weeks or
with a frequency that accurately reflects seasonal conditions.  
Flow measurements cover less than 70% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  
Flow measurements cover less than 40% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  
Flow measurements cover less than 15% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  Highest measured flow was 24.32cfs on 11/2/16. That is 7.5% of the
highest recorded flow of 323.32 cfs which occurred on the peak of the large rain
event on 7/12/16.
Site visits to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of 5 weeks or less.  
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  
Change in control:  It is assumed that a beaver dam is present downstream of the
gage. All measurements in  2016 will require a beaver dam/debris shift. Field
staff noted a tree that has fallen into the channel that also collects debris.
While this may affect stages, it is assumed that stages are more so affected by
beaver dams downstream. Beaver activity has been noted in the area and dams have
been present in years past. 
Adequate flow measurements were taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The precipitation record either did not track correctly or was not complete for
some parts of the monitoring season.  There is a complete record, but it is not
accurate. Most of the season is considered poor.
The overall precip total for the year does not compare well to an adjacent
station.  The rainbucket at nearby H54017002 - Rabbit River near Campbell, US-75
does not function properly, so it cannot be used to compare with this site. When
looking at nearby rain buckets in Breckenridge and Wheaton the rainfall totals do
not compare well.
At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There was no visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the precipitation
data that the rain gage was plugged at any time during the monitoring season.  
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  
The rain gage was not calibrated within the last three years.  The rain gage has
not been calibrated since installation in late 2009.


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No water quality samples were collected at this site during the monitoring
season.  


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2016
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Poor Archived Daily Value (PQC=32)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2015

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2015
Station Manager: BEKIEFER
Data Manager: COVANZEE

Prepared By:
Paul Thaemert (pathaeme)
218-846-8482 (paul.thaemert@state.mn.us)

Approved By:
Joshua Prososki (joprosos)
218-846-8481 (JOSHUA.PROSOSKI@STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/28/2015.  There were no inspections in 2015 prior to
4/23/15. The ice-out date was estimated based on daily average air temperatures,
review of the hydrograph, and comparison to nearby sites. 
Snowmelt conditions:  Snowmelt occured on 3/8/15 during a period of above
freezing temperatures reducing the snowpack from 6 inches to 0 inches by the next
day. Minor snowfall occured on 3/23/15 resulting in 3 inches of snowpack.
Snowmelt occured from 3/26/15-3/29/15, reducing the snowpack to 0 inches. The
3/8/15 snowmelt resulted in an approx. 2 foot gradual rise to the hydrograph
while the 3/23/15 snowmelt was insignificant. 
Periods the stream was out of its banks:  The was out of its banks during the
5/18/15 and 5/29/16-5/30/16 peaks. The 4/16/12 inspection notes bankfull
conditions at 9.48ft. 
Periods of low or no flow:  Periods of low existed from the ice-out date in late
March through the first peak in mid-May, and from mid-August through to the
ice-in date in mid-November. Zero flows were seen from mid-November to
late-October. Minor period of flow below 10cfs existed in the spring late May,
mid-June, and late July. 
Significant climatic events:  2015 Climate Summary - West
Central

January		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201501&div=MN04
February	http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201502&div=MN04
March		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201503&div=MN04
April		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201504&div=MN04
May		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201505&div=MN04
June		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201506&div=MN04
July		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201507&div=MN04
August		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201508&div=MN04
September	http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201509&div=MN04
October		http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201510&div=MN04
November	http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201511&div=MN04
December	http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/historical/summary_csg.html?yyyymm=201512&div=MN04

Gridded
Monthly Precipitation Totals: The synthetic data are made up of regularly-spaced
grid nodes whose values were calculated using data interpolated from Minnesota's
spatially and temporally irregular precipitation data base. Grids were prepared
using the National Weather Service data from 1891 to 1972. For the period 1973 to
the present, the High Spatial Density Precipitation Network (HIDEN) data (which
includes NWS data) are
used.
http://climate.umn.edu/gridded_data/precip/monthly/csg_lookup.htm?site_id=54017001

HydroClim
Minnesota is monthly electronic newsletter summarizing Minnesota's climate
conditions and the resulting impact on water
resources.
http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/hydroclim/index.html

The Hydrologic
Conditions Report is prepared monthly by the DNR Division of Ecological and Water
Resources and provides general information concerning the various water resources
across Minnesota. The report places current values of precipitation, stream
flows, lake levels and ground water levels in historical
context.
http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/current_conditions/hydro_conditions.html


Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site visits to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at
a frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record tracked correctly and was complete for the entire monitoring
season.  The 2015 dataset is complete and mostly coded good. 
Other stage data collection factors:  Data from 3/28/15-4/23/15 is coded
questionable because of uncertainty from the H58017002 pasted reference trace
data and from no inspections existing during that period. Data from
4/23/15-5/27/15 is coded poor due to logger drift from a burried orifice line.
Significant beaver dam build-ups and blow-outs occured throughout the year.
7 flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  
All recorded stage values were within the rating or less than 1 foot above the
rating with no change in channel control.  The highest recorded stage for 2015
was 10.67ft on 5/30/15 and the highest flow measurement used for rating
development was 20.805ft on 3/24/09. 
Flow measurements were taken this year with a maximum frequency of 4-5 weeks or
with a frequency that accurately reflects seasonal conditions.  
Flow measurements cover less than 70% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  
Flow measurements cover less than 40% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  
Flow measurements cover up to or above 15% of the highest recorded season/annual
discharge.  The highest measured flow was 100cfs on 7/1/15 which is ~18% of the
max seasonal/annual computed discharge of 558 cfs on 5/30/15.
This is not a stable site.  
The rating is not well developed over this year's range of flows when considering
quality and quantity of measurements.  2015 flows either fall within poorly
developed or extrapolated/over-extrapolated sections of the rating. The rating is
not supported by any measurements below 4.50ft due to significant beaver dam
impact on lower stage measurements. 
The rating has at least five measurements over the full range of this year's
flows.  
Site visits to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of 5 weeks or less.  
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  
Change in control:  A beaver dam was in place at the ice-out date in late April
and was gradually reduced with a serise of blow-outs throughout the month of May.
Beaver dam impact resumed and continued to increase from early July through to
the ice-in date in mid-November. 
Adequate flow measurements were not taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  Had to apply some stage record based and
measurement-to-measurement beaver dam shifts. Used comparison with DS site
H54017002 for support. 
The potential error in cumulative flow volume introduced by changing channel
control is 15% or greater.  Shifts applied to account for a changing control
reduce the total unshifted seasonal flow volume by ~71%. Annual discharge without
shifts is 1,668,202cfs and annual discharge with shifts is 489,246 cfs. 


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The precipitation record tracked correctly and was complete for the monitoring
season.  
At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There was no visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the precipitation
data that the rain gage was plugged at any time during the monitoring season.  
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  There is no impact on rain bucket data from the
surrounding trees. 

The rain gage was not calibrated within the last three years.  


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No water quality samples were collected at this site during the monitoring
season.  


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2015
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Fair Archived Daily Value (PQC=31)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2013

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2013
Station Manager: DAHENELY
Data Manager: JOUTECHT

Prepared By:
Daniel Henely (dahenely)
651-539-2107 (DANIEL.HENELY@STATE.MN.US)

Approved By:
Andrea Bergman (anbergma)
651-539-2101 (ANDREA.BERGMAN@STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 04/24/2013.  
Snowmelt conditions:  A significant winter storm dropped over 18 inches of snow
on portions of west central Minnesota on February 9-11.  February precipitation
totals topped the historical average by over one inch in west central and north
central Minnesota counties.  A moderate rise in temperatures during Spring thaw
allowed for a steady melt.  April precipitation totals were well above historical
averages in the eastern one-half of Minnesota. 
Periods the stream was out of its banks:  The river flowed out of its banks twice
during 2013.  The first was created by the Spring thaw from 4/20/13 to 4/27/13. 
The next was from a significant rain event that rose the stage from 6/20/13 to
6/25/13. 
Periods of low or no flow:  Mid-July through end of year was all low flows except
a mid-October rain event. September flows dropped below 5 cfs. 
Significant climatic events:  2013 Climate Summary - West
Central

			Dept.		Dept.
		Avg.	from	Avg.	from
		Temp.	Norm.	Prec.	Norm.
January		12.1	1.2	0.56	-0.24
February		12.2	-4	1.67	0.93
March		18.2	-10.1	1.55	0.04
April		32.8	-11.2	2.22	-0.11
May		54.9	-2.2	3.63	0.79
June		65.9	-0.6	5.58	1.59
July		71.1	-0.2	2.78	-0.75
August		70	0.9	1.27	-1.85
September	63.5	4.1	3.15	0.15
October		45.5	-0.3	3.92	1.56
November	29	-1	0.12	-1.11
December	7.2	-8.2	0.97	0.22	

A
significant winter storm dropped over 18 inches of snow on portions of west
central Minnesota on February 9-11.  February precipitation totals topped the
historical average by over one inch in west central and north central Minnesota
counties.  February precipitation totals set new all-time high records in
communities such as Breckenridge, Benson, and Rothsay.  April precipitation
totals were well above historical averages in the eastern one-half of Minnesota. 
June rainfall totals were well above historical averages in most Minnesota
counties.  Of particular note was an eight inch-plus rainfall reported in
northwest Wilkin County on June 25-26.  Above-average rainfall totals for
September were reported in a handful of northwest and west central Minnesota
counties.

[source: State Climatology Office - DNR Division of Ecological and
Water Resources]


Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site vists to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at a
frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record either did not track correctly or was not complete for some
parts of the monitoring season.  After the Spring thaw the orifice line was
dislodged from debris creating questionable data from the first DNR inspection on
4/25/13 up to the next DNR inspection point where it could be reset on 6/7/13. 
Stage either did not track correctly or was not complete during some or all
moderate to high flow periods this season.  Questionable data from dislodged
orifice line occured on the desending limb of the Spring thaw.  A point where
moderate to high flows were recorded.
Incorrect or missing stage values were accurately adjusted or estimated using a
technique that introduced less than 15% error in total seasonal flow volume. 
Multiple inspection points from partner agencies allowed to correct the
questionable stage.  Logger was still tracking conditions. 
Other stage data collection factors:  No other factors occured after orifice line
was reset.
8 flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  Two measurements
one on 4/23/13 and another on 4/26/13 was conducted by the WSN
All recorded stage values were within the rating or less than 1 foot above the
rating with no change in channel control.  
Flow measurements were taken this year with a frequency greater than 4-5 weeks
and do not accurately reflect seasonal conditions.  Site visit gaps reached 6
weeks.
This site does not have a permanent fixed type control structure.  
Flow measurements were taken with a maximum frequency of 7 weeks, up to or above
moderate flow levels (50% of maximum seasonal discharge).  Captured spring peak. 
This is not a stable site.  Heavy beaver activity affecting site from downstream
US75 crossing.
The rating is not well developed over this year's range of flows when considering
quality and quantity of measurements.  Large variations due to beaver activity
and limited clear control measurements.
The rating has at least five measurements over the full range of this year's
flows.  
Site vists to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of greater than 5 weeks.  
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  
Change in control:  High flow spring measurements appeared unaffected by the
beaver dam (or had destroyed it already) but as flows dropped the impacts of the
beaver dam came back and besides a brief period following another large rain
event on 6/21/13 the beaver dam was heavily impacting flows. Especially Sept
through 12/1/13 ice in which saw shifts of -1.5-2 ft. 
Adequate flow measurements were not taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  Very variable beaver dam with multiple blowouts so
cannot be certain of anything.
The potential error in cumulative flow volume introduced by changing channel
control is 15% or greater.  Despite beaver dam affecting low flows primarily, the
low flows were most of the year besides a couple brief events. Even those peaks
are unknown because peak measurements in summer rain events not measured.


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The precipitation record tracked correctly and was complete for the monitoring
season.  Two events exceeded the rain buckets intensity tollerance of 1in/hr
resulting in questionable data. Collected 82% compared to nearby climate station.

At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There was no visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the precipitation
data that the rain gage was plugged at any time during the monitoring season.  
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  
The rain gage was not calibrated within the last three years.  


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Please see the MPCA Environmental Data Access system for Water Quality results. 
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/customPHP/eda/stationInfo.php?ORG=MNPCA&wdip=2&ID=S002-002
 IWI water quality samples collected. 


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2013
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Fair Archived Daily Value (PQC=31)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2012

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2012
Station Manager: DAHENELY
Data Manager: JOUTECHT

Prepared By:
Daniel Henely (dahenely)
651-539-2107 (DANIEL.HENELY@STATE.MN.US)

Approved By:
Andrea Bergman (anbergma)
651-539-2101 (ANDREA.BERGMAN@STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/12/2012.  
Snowmelt conditions:  The first half of 2012 saw temperatures that were up to
thirteen degrees warmer than normal. On February 26, much of the northern
one-half of Minnesota received four to eight inches of snow.  Days later, a
large, moisture-laden storm swept through the area from February 28 through March
1. The storm dropped between one and two inches of welcome precipitation over a
large portion of Minnesota.
The stream was in its banks during the entire year.  Reports of bankfull during
precipitation events, but no reports of out of banks. 
Periods of low or no flow:  Low flows most of year besides various rainfall
events. Flows reached near zero cfs. Flows less than 1 cfs for end of season
October as well as less than 0.1 cfs for July. 
Significant climatic events:  2012 Climate Summary - West
Central

			Dept.		Dept.
		Avg.	from	Avg.	from
		Temp.	Norm.	Prec.	Norm.
January		20.4	8.9	0.4	-0.41
February	22.9	6.1	1.04	0.29
March		41.8	13.2	0.97	-0.57
April		47.4	3.3	3.52	1.45
May		60.1	3	4.23	1.39
June		68.7	2.3	3.03	-0.95
July		76.3	5	2.09	-1.44
August		67.8	-1.3	2.21	-0.91
September	59.2	-0.3	0.22	-2.78
October		44.1	-1.8	1.62	-0.7
November	32.1	2.1	0.36	-0.87
December	16.4	1	1.11	0.4			

The
first half of 2012 saw temperatures that were up to thirteen degrees warmer than
normal in West Central Minnesota.  The second half of the monitoring season saw
temperatures that were mostly in line with historical averages with the exception
of July being, on average, five degrees warmer than normal.  Precipitation was
close to historical averages for most of the year with the exception of April and
September falling 1.45 inches above and 2.78 inches below the historical
averages, respectively.  On February 26, much of the northern one-half of
Minnesota received four to eight inches of snow.  Days later, a large,
moisture-laden storm swept through the area from February 28 through March 1. The
rain changed to snow during the early-morning hours of February 29. An unusually
strong mid-April low pressure system brought a combination of severe weather,
heavy rain, and heavy snow to Minnesota on April 15-16. The storm dropped between
one and two inches of welcome precipitation over a large portion of Minnesota.
Reports of eight or more inches of moisture-laden snow were common in the area. 
The state experienced widespread rain on October 23-25.

[source: State
Climatology Office - DNR Division of Ecological and Water Resources]


Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site vists to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at a
frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record tracked correctly and was complete for the entire monitoring
season.  
Other stage data collection factors:  IWI inspections taken at different tapedown
location so not used in stage corrections.
6 flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  On 7/19/12 a zero
to slightly negative flow was recored due to a possible beaver dam backup with
moderate winds from downstream.
All recorded stage values were within the rating or less than 1 foot above the
rating with no change in channel control.  
Flow measurements were taken this year with a frequency greater than 4-5 weeks
and do not accurately reflect seasonal conditions.  Gap in visits reaching 6
weeks, and due to varying beaver dam impacts unable to accurately reflect
seasonal variations. 
This site does not have a permanent fixed type control structure.  
Flow measurements were taken with a frequency greater than 7 weeks and do not
capture moderate flows (50% of maximum seasonal discharge).  
Flow measurements were taken with a frequency greater than 7 weeks and do not
capture moderate to low flows (25% of maximum seasonal discharge).  Visits within
interval, with peak measured flow being 22 cfs on 4/25/12 compared to peak
computed flow of 446 cfs on 4/16/12 (5%)
Site vists to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of greater than 5 weeks. 
Gap in visits ~6 weeks. Constantly changing beaver dams with very few observable
changes. Beaver dam known to be at US75 crossing with additional activity likely
in between crossings. (ACOE site at US75)
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  
Change in control:  Beaver dam downstream near US75 affecting stage at site at
various levels throughout the year. Used flow measurements and stage data
rises/falls to estimate beaver dam impacts.
Adequate flow measurements were not taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  Beaver dam rarely stable and unsure of its effect
on high flows due to extreme lack of high flow measurements. 
The potential error in cumulative flow volume introduced by changing channel
control is 15% or greater.  


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The precipitation record tracked correctly and was complete for the monitoring
season.  One event on 8/3/12 exceeded the tollerance of the buckets collection
capabilities of 1in/hr. by gathering 1.03in/hr., but bucket tracked well all
season collecting 92% of total precipitation gathered by a nearby climatology
station.
At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There was no visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the precipitation
data that the rain gage was plugged at any time during the monitoring season.  
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  
The rain gage was not calibrated within the last three years.  


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Please see the MPCA Environmental Data Access system for Water Quality results. 
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/customPHP/eda/stationInfo.php?ORG=MNPCA&wdip=2&ID=S002-002
 IWI water quality samples collected. 


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2012
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Fair Archived Daily Value (PQC=31)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2011

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2011
Station Manager: DAPLOVNI
Data Manager: CAROBERT

Prepared By:
Carrie Robertson (carobert)
218-327-4110 (CARRIE.ROBERTSON@STATE.MN.US)

Approved By:
Carrie Robertson (carobert)
218-327-4110 (CARRIE.ROBERTSON@STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/19/2011.  
Snowmelt conditions:  Two large rainevents on top of a rapid snowmelts produced
major flooding and only left a couple of inches of snow by early April. 
Periods the stream was out of its banks:  The stream was out of its banks during
spring snowmelt from approximately 4/3-4/8.
Periods of low or no flow:  Flows less than 25cfs were seen from 9/7-11/14.
Significant climatic events:  West Central Minnesota
                  
-----------------
			Dept.		Dept.
		Avg.	from	Avg.	from
		Temp.	Norm.	Prec.	Norm.
January		5.2	-4.7	1.29	0.41	
February	12.5	-4.2	1.39	0.68	
March		21.3	-7.4	1.36	-0.23	
April		42.4	-1.7	1.61	-0.46	
May		54.2	-3.6	4.43	1.62	
June		65.3	-1.7	3.80	-0.16	
July		75.3	3.5	6.98	3.55	
August		69.8	0.2	2.32	-0.70	
September	59.2	-0.3	0.57	-1.67	
October		51.2	4.4	1.00	-1.03	
November	33.6	4.0	0.16	-1.17				
December	24.7	9.4	0.15	-0.46				

The
first half of 2011 saw temperatures that were two to seven and a half degrees
cooler than normal in West Central Minnesota.  July and October were the only
months notably above average with 3.5 to 4.4 degrees above average temperatures. 
Precipitation was variable throughout the year with July being notable for over
3.5 inches of precipitation above average and three months of below average
precipitation starting in August.  Starting off the year, snow depths in the
region were above 20 inches and snow water equivalencies were between 4 and 6
inches of water with the wettest snow pack in a swath through the center of the
region.  The bulk of February precipitation in the southern two-thirds of
Minnesota was dropped by a major winter storm that roared through the Midwest on
February 20-21 with over ten inches of snow. In many locations, storm snowfall
totals broke daily records for the month. Some of the heaviest amounts included
20 inches in Madison (Lac Qui Parle County), and 16 inches in Montevideo.  The
storm's snowfall contained a high amount of water content, worsening the
potential for spring flooding. Liquid precipitation totals of one to two inches
were reported in many communities.  A large and intense early-spring storm on
March 22-23 brought up to 10 inches of snow to parts of the region.  During the
month of April the west central region was the only area below average in
precipitation which helped avert even more severe flooding than occurred with
considerable high snow water equivalency levels running off the landscape.  By
April 4th 2 inches or less of water was left in the remaining snow pack. 
Significant flooding was reported across Minnesota during much of the month of
April. River levels reached major flood stage along the Red River as well as many
parts of the Minnesota River. In some locations, peak river crests were among the
highest ever recorded.  July 2011 ranked among the ten warmest Julys in
Minnesota's modern record. The month of July was also notable for the intensity,
geographic extent, and duration of high dew point temperatures. Multiple days of
very high dew point temperatures were reported at many locations with dew point
temperatures in excess of 75 degrees.  The remainder of the year was warm and dry
as the U. S. Drought Monitor, released on October 27, depicted nearly every
Minnesota county as experiencing some level of drought.  

 [source: State
Climatology Office – DNR Waters]




Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site vists to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at a
frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record either did not track correctly or was not complete for some
parts of the monitoring season.  Painting in the data occurred in May and June
and there are sudden drops in the stage.
Stage was accurate and complete during all moderate to high flow periods this
season.  
Incorrect or missing stage values were accurately adjusted or estimated using a
technique that introduced less than 5% error in total seasonal flow volume.  
Other stage data collection factors:  The orifice line looks like it is partially
buried in the middle of the year. 
6 open water flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  
All recorded stage values were within the rating or less than 1 foot above the
rating with no change in channel control.  
Flow measurements were taken this year with a frequency greater than 4-5 weeks
and do not accurately reflect seasonal conditions.  Government shutdown caused
7wk gap in flow measurements between June and July. 
This site does not have a permanent fixed type control structure.  
Flow measurements were taken with a maximum frequency of 7 weeks, up to or above
moderate flow levels (50% of maximum seasonal discharge).  
This is not a stable site.  
The rating is not well developed when considering quality and quantity of
measurements.  The bottom of the channel is constantly changing and is apparent
in the large scatter of measurements at the low end of the rating. New rating in
2011, 2011 measurements were showing a scour trend. 
The rating has at least five measurements over the full range of flows.  
Site vists to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of greater than 5 weeks.  7
wk gap mid season due to government shutdown.
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  
Change in control:  Ice shift was needed on 4/5.   Backwater shift was needed for
10/5 due to beaver dam.
Adequate flow measurements were taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The precipitation record tracked correctly and was complete for the monitoring
season.  
At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There is either visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the
precipitation data that the rain gage was plugged at some point during the
monitoring season.  
The period of record when the rain gage was plugged was accurately determined and
removed from the corrected data.  Data was not deleted since precipitation during
partial plug tracked well with climatology. 
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  
The rain gage was not calibrated within the last three years.  Last calibration
was done in 2006.


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Please see the MPCA Environmental Data Access system for Water Quality results. 
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/data/eda/STresults.cfm?stOR=MNPCA1&stID=  


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2011
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Fair Archived Daily Value (PQC=31)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2010

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2010
Station Manager: DAPLOVNI
Data Manager: CAROBERT

Prepared By:
Carrie Robertson (carobert)
218-327-4110 (CARRIE.ROBERTSON@STATE.MN.US)

Approved By:
Andrea Bergman (anbergma)
651-259-5657 (ANDREA.BERGMAN@STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/08/2011.  
Snowmelt conditions:  March had above average temperatures causing a rapid
snowmelt.   The hydrograph shows an extremely large peak for snowmelt due to
having some of the highest recorded snow depths to date and the quick melt.
Periods the stream was out of its banks:  It was never noted as being out of its
banks but in 2009 it was noted out of its banks at a stage of 11.3.  There are
two flow measurements at a stage high than 11.3. Both occured during snowmelt, on
3/17 and  3/21.
Periods of low or no flow:  Flows less than 10cfs occured in mid April due to
little to no precipitation in March and April. Most of July had low flows due to
having lower than average rainfall totals.  The end of August also showed low
flows due to a 15 day dry spell. 
Significant climatic events:  West Central Minnesota
                  
-----------------
			Dept.		Dept.
		Avg.	from	Avg.	from
		Temp.	Norm.	Prec.	Norm.
January		
8.7	 -.5	1.06	 .15
February	11.1	-5.2	1.06	 .37
March		34.1	
5.6	1.32	-.26
April		51.3	 7.2	1.41	-.59
May		56.8	-1.0	2.19	-.60
June		66.3	
-.6	4.04	 .12
July		71.9	  .4	3.49	 .07
August		72.1	
2.7	5.86	2.83
September	57.0	-2.5	6.25	4.02
October		50.2	
3.4	1.95	-.08
November	31.1	 1.4	 .57	-.75
December	11.5	-3.8	1.99	1.38

2010
started out cold with the first two months of the year being below average. 
February was five degrees below average.  A potent Alberta Clipper dumped several
inches in the area on January 6th and 7th and while precipitation was slightly
above average for those first two months, the next three months would be below
normal levels. Still with some counties in west central Minnesota reporting 18 or
more inches of snow on the ground by February, in comparison with historical snow
depths for the date, current snow depths rank above the 95th percentile. The
water content of the snow pack was modeled to be between four and five inches.
Soil frost depths under sod range measured from three to twelve inches due to the
heavy blanket of snow cover impeding frost penetration in spite of cold December,
January, and February temperatures.  March and April showed a complete reversal
with much higher than average temperatures and below average precipitation
leaving all ground in Minnesota void of snow cover by April 1st and most of
Minnesota without soil frost. June through September were above average months
for precipitation and September was the wettest month having averages more than
four inches above normal.  September's heavy rainfall totals were primarily the
result of an extraordinary rainfall event that occurred on September 22 and 23.
The heavy rain, falling on soils already sodden from an above average summer, led
to numerous reports of major rural and urban flooding.  August and October were
both warm months being around three degrees above average and November was
several degrees higher than average as well with very little precipitation. 
Ice-in around the state occurred in early December.



Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site vists to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at a
frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record tracked correctly and was complete for the entire monitoring
season.  
Other stage data collection factors:  No factors were noted in the site
inspections.
8 total, 7 during open water, 1 during ice conditions flow measurements were
taken during the monitoring season.  
All recorded stage values were within the rating or less than 1 foot above the
rating with no change in channel control.  
Flow measurements were taken this year with a maximum frequency of 4-5 weeks or
with a frequency that accurately reflects seasonal conditions.  
Flow measurements cover a wide range of flows, up to at least 70% of the highest
recorded seasonal/annual discharge.  
The rating is not well developed when considering quality and quantity of
measurements.  New rating for 2010.  Mucky bottom constantly shifting. Most of
the measurements are fair or poor and the bottom of the rating is very poor with
scatter measurements.
The rating has less than five measurements over the full range of flows.  From
6.7ft-18.7ft only one flow measurement.
Site vists to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of 5 weeks or less.  
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  
Change in control:  On 4/27 the control was listed as unknown, stream was very
slow with backwater.  
Adequate flow measurements were taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There is either visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the
precipitation data that the rain gage was plugged at some point during the
monitoring season.  
The period of record when the rain gage was plugged was accurately determined and
removed from the corrected data.  
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  
The rain gage was not calibrated within the last three years.  Last calibration
done in 2006.


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Please see the MPCA Environmental Data Access system for Water Quality results. 
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/data/eda/STresults.cfm?stOR=MNPCA1&stID=  


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2010
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Fair Archived Daily Value (PQC=31)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2009

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2009
Station Manager: DAPLOVNI
Data Manager: CAROBERT

Prepared By:
Carrie Robertson (carobert)
218-327-4110 (CARRIE.ROBERTSON@STATE.MN.US)

Approved By:
Andrea Bergman (anbergma)
651-259-5657 (ANDREA.BERGMAN@STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/16/2009.  
Snowmelt conditions:  March showed lower than temperatures than normal causing a
gradual snowmelt.  
Periods the stream was out of its banks:  River was noted out of banks during
snow melt from 3/18-3/28.  It was noted out of its left bank on 4/13 from .5
rainevent.
Periods of low or no flow:  Flows less than 5cfs were seen from 7/30 - 9/24.
Significant climatic events:  January precipitation totals were below average
across much of central Minnesota.  It was the coldest January since 1994. Thawing
temperatures were not observed until the 31st, a fairly rare
occurrence.
February precipitation totals were near, to somewhat above,
historical averages across Minnesota. Monthly mean temperatures for February 2009
were close to historical averages across Minnesota, but it was the coldest
meteorological winter since 2000-2001. March was an extraordinarily wet month
across much of Minnesota. Large areas of central Minnesota received three to five
inches of precipitation for the month, in many cases tripling the historical
monthly average.  Three major winter storms impacted central MN during the month
of March. Heavy snow, high winds, and bitter cold temperatures affected the area
on March 10 and 11. During a four-day period from March 22 to March 25, a
slow-moving, moisture-ladened storm dropped unprecedented, and devastating,
amounts of rain, ice, and snow across much of the state.   Monthly mean
temperatures for March 2009 were near to slightly below historical averages
across Minnesota.  Cold temperatures during the first half of the month were
offset by very warm weather in the third week of March.   Dry April weather and a
relatively slow melt pattern somewhat mitigated potential flooding in central MN.
 Monthly mean temperatures for May and June 2009 were below historical averages
in most of central MN.  The first half of June was very cool, with many days
falling short of average by ten or more degrees. With a few exceptions, July was
a dry month across nearly all of Minnesota.   Seasonally cool July temperatures
prolonged a trend that began in May.  August rainfall totals were near, or above,
all-time records for the month in many central MN locations.  Monthly mean
temperatures for August 2009 were cool, averaging two to four degrees below the
historical average.  As was the case throughout the summer, cooler-than-normal
temperatures reduced evaporation and transpiration rates, and partially
counterbalanced precipitation deficits from June and July.  September 2009
rainfall was very light across much of the region, falling short of historical
averages by one to three inches.  The U. S. Drought Monitor, released on October
1, placed areas of central Minnesota in the Severe and Extreme categories.  The
drought designations are the result of two spells of dry weather, one during this
year's growing season, and one longer-term. The shorter-term dryness began in
April 2009 and persisted through September over nearly all of Minnesota. April
through September precipitation totals in many locations fell short of the
historical average by more than four inches. The longer-term dry spell commenced
in mid-June 2008 and most profoundly affects east central Minnesota. In this
area, 16-month precipitation deficits of ten or more inches have led to a
significant impact on hydrology.  In contrast, October 2009 precipitation was
very heavy across most of Minnesota, ranking among the wettest Octobers ever. 
October 2009 was among the coldest Octobers of the modern record, averaging four
to seven degrees below historical averages across Minnesota.  This improved the
region’s drought situation.  November 2009 precipitation was quite light across
most of the region.  Ice in occurred in late November or early December through
most of the state.

[Source: State Climatology Office - DNR Waters]



Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site vists to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at a
frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record either did not track correctly or was not complete for some
parts of the monitoring season.  
Stage either did not track correctly or was not complete during some or all
moderate to high flow periods this season.  
Incorrect or missing stage values were accurately adjusted or estimated using a
technique that introduced less than 15% error in total seasonal flow volume.  
Other stage data collection factors:  Orifice line was partially plugged from ice
out to 5/13/09 when it was cleaned out.  Large datum corrections were needed
during the time it was plugged. 
8 open water flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  
Some recorded stage values were above the rating by a value greater than 1 foot,
or less than 1 foot with a change in channel control.  The top end of the rating
had to be extended to include the high flow measurements from the spring
snowmelt.
The present rating can be accurately extrapolated or modeled to the highest
recorded stage values.  
Flow measurements were taken this year with a maximum frequency of 4-5 weeks or
with a frequency that accurately reflects seasonal conditions.  
Flow measurements cover a wide range of flows, up to at least 70% of the highest
recorded seasonal/annual discharge.  
The rating is not well developed when considering quality and quantity of
measurements.  Rating quality poor on low due to large scatter of
measurements
and possible backwater effects.
The rating has at least five measurements over the full range of flows.  The
rating has more than five measurements however there is a large gap in the middle
of the rating from stages 7.5-18.5ft.
Site vists to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of 5 weeks or less.  
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  
Change in control:  Depositional shift affecting 7/28, 9/1 and 10/14 msmts. 
Backwater effects noted on 9/1/09 msmt but probably affecting all three
measurements. Scour shift added for 5-13 and 6-23 measurements.  Depositional
shift to 4/13 msmt needed due to possible debris DS and backwater affects from
downstream flooding conditions. Stream was out of the left bank.
Adequate flow measurements were taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The precipitation record either did not track correctly or was not complete for
some parts of the monitoring season.  There are multiple spikes and gaps in data.
The overall precip total for the year compares well to an adjacent station.  
At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There was no visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the precipitation
data that the rain gage was plugged at any time during the monitoring season.  
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  
The rain gage was calibrated within the last three years.  


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Please see the MPCA Environmental Data Access system for Water Quality results. 
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/data/eda/STresults.cfm?stOR=MNPCA1&stID=  


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2009
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Fair Archived Daily Value (PQC=31)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2008

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2008
Station Manager: DAPLOVNI
Data Manager: CAROBERT

Prepared By:
Daniel Henely (dahenely)
651-259-5712 (DANIEL.HENELY@STATE.MN.US)

Approved By:
Daniel Henely (dahenely)
651-259-5712 (DANIEL.HENELY@STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/27/2008.  Based off logger pattern trend of rise in stage
without a rain event and spotty-ness of data clearing up. Temperatures for this
day have high's into the High 30's and Low 40's that week. DDH
Snowmelt conditions:  Statewide saw some milder conditions and not as abrupt
melting event but at this site rose .8-1.0 ft within 2 days of ice in date and
then subsequent rain events causing spikes in stage in April.
The stream was in its banks during the entire year.  Very incised channel,
highest stage logger recorded this year was 13.1 ft on 6/7/08. There is a shelf
at around 11-12ft on the cross section which rarely gets topped but the channel
banks itself are up in the 16-18 ft range.
Periods of low or no flow:  Between 7/1 and 9/25 there was a period of backwater
that resulted in extreme low flows, unmeasurable most of the time. 
Significant climatic events:  Between 7/1/08 and 9/25/08 there was a significant
backwater effect, it was referenced with Bois de Sioux site just downstream and
none was evident from that comparison. So verdict is that there is a backwater
effect during those months that brought the flows to zero. The long rain event
from May 31 and June 6 that totaled ~3.7 inches of rain. 


Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site vists to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at a
frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record tracked correctly and was complete for the entire monitoring
season.  Very small gaps in logger data that was linearly interpolated.
Other stage data collection factors:  Primary issue with this year's data was
some backwater during the year between July and September. No equipment problems.
6 flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  6 measurements were
entered into hydstra, 1 of which was a zero flow measurement during the backwater
period.
All recorded stage values were within the rating or less than 1 foot above the
rating with no change in channel control.  Well within the rating
Flow measurements were taken this year with a maximum frequency of 4-5 weeks or
with a frequency that accurately reflects seasonal conditions.  
Flow measurements cover less than 70% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  Highest measured flow was 303 cfs on 4/10/08 and highest estimated
was 1230 cfs. (25%)
Flow measurements cover less than 40% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  Highest measured flow was 303 cfs on 4/10/08 and highest estimated
was 1230 cfs. (25%)
Flow measurements cover up to or above 15% of the highest recorded season/annual
discharge.  Highest measured flow was 303 cfs on 4/10/08 and highest estimated
was 1230 cfs. (25%)
This is not a stable site.  Channel is muddy and reach is often subject to
backwater.
The rating is well developed when considering both quality and quantity of
measurements.  Extreme high end well developed and many low flow measurements
with a few in the mid-range. If anything, could use more middle to upper-mid
range flows.
Site vists to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of 5 weeks or less.  
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  There was an initial scouring of the control in
the spring and then the backwater altering the control duing the late-summer.
Change in control:  Scour shift from spring melt event, that was ended in May.
Then only other shift was the negative shift for backwater that was in effect
from 7/1/08 and 10/15/08. 
Adequate flow measurements were taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The precipitation record tracked correctly and was complete for the monitoring
season.  
At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There was no visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the precipitation
data that the rain gage was plugged at any time during the monitoring season.  
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  
The rain gage was calibrated within the last three years.  2/1/2006 was last
calibration.


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Please see the MPCA Environmental Data Access system for Water Quality results. 
http://www.pca.state.mn.us/data/eda/STresults.cfm?stOR=MNPCA1&stID=  


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2008
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Good Archived Daily Value (PQC=30)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2007

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2007
Station Manager: LIPEARSO
Data Manager: DAHENELY

Prepared By:
Daniel Henely (dahenely)
651-259-5712 (DANIEL.HENELY@DNR.STATE.MN.US)

Approved By:
Daniel Henely (dahenely)
651-259-5712 (DANIEL.HENELY@DNR.STATE.MN.US)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/24/2007.  Based on temperature data and pattern in
continuous stage data.
Snowmelt conditions:  Very abrupt in late march, with several spikes due to
spring meltoff and rain events.
The stream was in its banks during the entire year.  
Periods of low or no flow:  Beginning in 8/02/07 and lasting until the end of the
year, zero flow was observed. Was thought to be backwater but stage elevations
were compared using upstream and downstream sites and it was decided no backwater
for this period. Based off this year's observations, the Point of zero flow set
to the highest stage observed with zero flow (4.40 ft gage ht)
Significant climatic events:  A drought condition for most of the summer
contributed to lower stages and in this site's case, a zero flow situation.


Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Site vists to determine if the logger was tracking stage correctly were done at a
frequency of 8 weeks or less.  
The stage record tracked correctly and was complete for the entire monitoring
season.  
Other stage data collection factors:  On 10/09/07 orifice pounded down back into
water.
4 flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  Measurements done
with measurable flow were done on 3/27/07, 4/26/07, 5/30/07, 7/3/07. Inspections
where zero flow was observed (4) on 8/2/07, 9/6/07, 10/09/07, 10/31/07.
All recorded stage values were within the rating or less than 1 foot above the
rating with no change in channel control.  
Flow measurements were taken with a maximum frequency of 4-5 weeks or with a
frequency that accurately reflects seasonal conditions.  
Flow measurements cover less than 70% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  
Flow measurements cover less than 50% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  
Flow measurements cover less than 25% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual
discharge.  Highest measured flow (546 cfs on 3/27/07) only 16% of maximum flow
(3450 cfs on 4/1/07).
Site vists to determine if the physical characteristics of the control changed
during the monitoring season were done at a frequency of 5 weeks or less.  
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time
during the monitoring season.  No backwater detected using stage comparisons of
nearby sites. Control unknown for most of the summer.
Change in control:  For unknown reasons the point of zero flow rose this year to
a stage of roughly 4.40 ft, zero flow conditions began on 8/02/07 and continued
throughout the year. 
Adequate flow measurements were taken to confidently adjust stage during
period(s) of altered control.  


Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
At least three field visits were made to check the rain gage for obstructions
during the monitoring season.  
There is either visual evidence or an indication from analysis of the
precipitation data that the rain gage was plugged at some point during the
monitoring season.  Cleaned out bucket on 7/3/07, no evidence in 15 minute data
however.
The period of record when the rain gage was plugged was accurately determined and
removed from the corrected data.  
There were no vertical obstructions near the rain gage that may have compromised
recorded rainfall values.  
The rain gage was calibrated within the last three years.  2006


Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No water quality samples were collected at this site during the monitoring
season.  


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2007
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Poor Archived Daily Value (QQC=32)
Precip = Good Archived Daily Value (PQC=30)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2006

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001 - Rabbit River at Campbell, CR4
Year: 2006

Prepared By:
Lisa Pearson (lipearso)
LISA.PEARSON@STATE.MN.US

Approved By:
Andy Erickson (anericks)
********************************************************************************

Climate Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data is collected year round at this site.  
The ice out date was 03/26/2006.  determined by hydrograph of continuous data and temperature data.
Snowmelt conditions:  NA
The stream was in its banks during the entire year.  
Periods of low or no flow:    from 7-8 to end of season there was pretty much no flow. Debris backwatered the stream and no visible flow was observed 7-18, 8-16 and 10-18. Measurement on 9-29 recorded a flow of 26 cfs. 
Significant climatic events:  This is a part of Dr. Mark Seeley’s (the University of Minnesota) prepared annual climate synopsis for 2006. 
Drought left its mark on Minnesota during 2006 and much of the state remains in its grasp, as central and northern counties are still marked as Severe to Extreme Drought by the USDA and National Weather Service. Lake levels are very low, including Lake Superior, river flows are low, and stored soil moisture in many areas is the lowest since the drought of 1988 in some areas. 


Flow Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Stage tracked correctly during the entire monitoring season.  
Other stage data collection factors:  NA
7 flow measurements were taken during the monitoring season.  
Recorded stage values were less than 1 foot above the rating and/or did not encounter a change in control.  
Flow measurements were taken with a maximum frequency of 4-5 weeks or with a frequency that accurately reflects seasonal conditions.  
Flow measurements cover a wide range of flows, up to at least 80% of the highest recorded seasonal/annual discharge.  
The rating is well developed when considering both quality and quantity of measurements.  
A change in the physical characteristics of the control occurred at some time during the monitoring season.  debris or possible beaver dam developed around 7-10 and affected most of the rest of the season.
Change in control:  continuous data around 7-10 begins to rise with no precipitation event. Possible beaver dam or debris building up causing an artificial rise in the stage. 
Adequate flow measurements were taken to confidently adjust stage during period(s) of altered control.  

Precipitation Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No precipitation data was not collected at this site for the season.  

Water Quality Data Summary
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No water quality samples were collected at this site during the monitoring season.  

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2006
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Good Archived Daily Value (QQC=30)
Precip = NA (PQC=0)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2005

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001
Year: 2005
Station Manager: 
Data Manager: 

Prepared By:
HYDPUB

Approved By:
HYDPUB
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is owned and operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year was worked up outside of our current data
system and/or prior to rigorous data auditing and publishing standards.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2005
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2004

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001
Year: 2004
Station Manager: 
Data Manager: 

Prepared By:
HYDPUB

Approved By:
HYDPUB
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is owned and operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year was worked up outside of our current data
system and/or prior to rigorous data auditing and publishing standards.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2003

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001
Year: 2003
Station Manager: 
Data Manager: 

Prepared By:
HYDPUB

Approved By:
HYDPUB
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is owned and operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year was worked up outside of our current data
system and/or prior to rigorous data auditing and publishing standards.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2002

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001
Year: 2002
Station Manager: 
Data Manager: 

Prepared By:
HYDPUB

Approved By:
HYDPUB
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is owned and operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year was worked up outside of our current data
system and/or prior to rigorous data auditing and publishing standards.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2002
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2001

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001
Year: 2001
Station Manager: 
Data Manager: 

Prepared By:
HYDPUB

Approved By:
HYDPUB
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is owned and operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year was worked up outside of our current data
system and/or prior to rigorous data auditing and publishing standards.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2001
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 2000

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001
Year: 2000
Station Manager: 
Data Manager: 

Prepared By:
HYDPUB

Approved By:
HYDPUB
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is owned and operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year was worked up outside of our current data
system and/or prior to rigorous data auditing and publishing standards.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 2000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1999

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001
Year: 1999
Station Manager: 
Data Manager: 

Prepared By:
HYDPUB

Approved By:
HYDPUB
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is owned and operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year was worked up outside of our current data
system and/or prior to rigorous data auditing and publishing standards.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1999
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1998

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: H54017001
Year: 1998
Station Manager: 
Data Manager: 

Prepared By:
HYDPUB

Approved By:
HYDPUB
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is owned and operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year was worked up outside of our current data
system and/or prior to rigorous data auditing and publishing standards.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1998
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1951

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1951
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1951
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1950

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1950
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1950
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1949

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1949
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1949
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1948

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1948
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1948
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1947

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1947
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1947
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1946

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1946
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1946
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1945

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1945
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1945
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1944

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1944
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1944
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1943

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1943
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1943
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    
Year End Summary for 54017001

Year End Summary for 1942

********************************************************************************
MPCA/DNR Cooperative Stream Gaging Year End Summary Report
Station: E54017001
Year: 1942
Station Manager: HYDSTRA
Data Manager: HYDSTRA

Prepared By:
HYDSTRA

Approved By:
HYDSTRA
********************************************************************************

Comments
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This station is not owned or operated by the Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources (DNR) or the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).  The data
available for this station and year is considered published by the originator of
the data.  No claims regarding the quality of the data are made by MPCA or DNR. 
Please contact the originator of the data for questions regarding data quality.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data Quality for Calendar Year 1942
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Flow   = Unknown External Data (QQC=48)
Precip = Unknown External Data (PQC=48)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------